Electrical inspection and testing - advice for private landlords
If you are the landlord of a private rented property, you must meet set electrical safety standards. Find out what they are and how you can do this.
The Electrical Safety Standards in the Private Rented Sector (England) Regulations 2020 came into force on 1 June 2020. They state that private landlords must have the electrical installations in their properties inspected and tested by a competent person every 5 years. (The inspection can call for a shorter timeframe if needed.)
The regulations apply to:
- all new tenancies granted from 1 July 2020
- all existing tenancies from April 2021.
What you need to do
Landlords should get an inspection report and results of the test. This should state when the next inspection is due.
- You must give a copy of the most recent report to your tenant before they move into the property.
- If you have an existing tenant, you must give them a copy within 28 days of the inspection and test being carried out.
- If we ask you for a copy of the report, you must provide it within 7 days of the request.
- You should keep a copy of the report until the next inspection and give a copy of that report to the next competent person.
Where do I send my documents?
Please send your electrical installation reports as required to: CustomerServices@guildford.gov.uk.
Results of inspection
If further work is needed
Where the inspection shows that further work is needed, you must carry out those works within 28 days. (Your report may specify a shorter period.)
Once that further work is carried out, you will get a confirmation. This will state that the electrical standards are met or that more work is required.
- If standards have been met, the confirmation must be given to each tenant and to us within 28 days of completion.
- If more works are needed, you must again give the confirmation once the work is done to each tenant and to us.
If there is a breach of the regulations
Where we decide that there is a breach of the regulations but no urgent action is required, we will serve a remedial notice. The notice will state the breach and action to be taken.
You can make representations against the notice within 21 days from the date it is served. This will suspend the notice until we have considered it.
If we do not receive any representations, or the notice is confirmed, you have a duty to comply with it.
(There will not be a breach of that duty if you can show you have taken all reasonable steps to comply with it.)
If you breach the duty, we can enter the premises and carry out the works (subject to the consent of the tenants). We will recover reasonable costs for this. We have to first serve a notice of our intention to do so, which can be appealed.
If there is no appeal or the notice is upheld or varied, the works must be carried out within 28 days of the decision.
If urgent remedial action is needed
Where urgent remedial action is needed and we believe you are in breach of your duty to carry out works, we can do this work (with the consent of the tenants).
We will have to serve a notice, setting out:
- the work required
- the date the work was or will be started
- the right to appeal the notice.
The notice will be served on you and all known occupiers of the premises or we will fix the notice on a conspicuous part of the premises, within 7 days of starting the work.
For more guidance on the regulations, see Guide for Landlords on Electrical Safety Standards in the Private Rented Sector.
Your duties as a landlord
You must make sure:
- you meet national electrical safety standards. These are set out in the 18th edition of the 'Wiring Regulations'. They are published as British Standard 7671.
- the electrical installations in your rented properties are inspected and tested by a qualified and competent person at least every 5 years.
- you get a report from the person doing the inspection and test and set a date for the next inspection and test.
- you supply a copy of this report to the existing tenant within 28 days of the inspection and test.
- you supply a copy of this report to a new tenant before they move in.
- you supply a copy of this report to any prospective tenant within 28 days of receiving a request for the report.
- you supply the local authority with a copy of this report within 7 days of receiving a request for a copy.
- you keep a copy of the report to give to the inspector and tester who will carry out the next inspection and test.
- you must complete the work within 28 days if the report shows that remedial or more investigative work is needed. (Your report may specify a shorter timeframe.)
- you give written confirmation of the completion of the remedial works from the electrician to the tenant and the local authority within 28 days of finishing the works.